This influence has a moderating effect in the winter where temperatures are not as low as would otherwise be expected for a northern state with predominantly high elevations. The official state nickname is the "Gem State", which references Idaho's natural beauty.[9]. Zimmerly Air Transport in Lewiston-Clarkston was one of the five companies in the merger centered around Varney Air Lines of Pasco, Washington, which became United Airlines and subsequently Varney Air Group which became Continental Airlines. Of the electricity consumed in Idaho in 2005, 48% came from hydroelectricity, 42% was generated by burning coal and 9% was generated by burning natural gas. Our liberties we prize and our rights we will maintain. The highest court in Idaho is the Idaho Supreme Court. Other metropolitan areas in order of size are Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Falls, Pocatello and Lewiston. VI.) The sta… The state has snow-capped mountain ranges, rapids, vast lakes and steep canyons. If French is the language of Love, what is English the language of ? Forming part of the Pacific Northwest (and the associated Cascadia bioregion), Idaho is divided into several distinct geographic and climatic regions. A motto may be in any language, but Latin is the most used. [15], An alternative etymology attributes the name to the Plains Apache word "ídaahę́" IPA: [í.taː.hɛ̃́] (enemy) that was used in reference to the Comanche.[16]. Located between Nampa and Boise, Meridian also experienced high growth, from fewer than 10,000 residents in 1990 to more than 75,000 in 2010 and is now Idaho's third largest city. Despite the view that Idaho's bigger cities are "blue islands in a sea of red", as several articles have put it; that was not the case in 2020. 6 §264) theoretically placed this region in the Central Time Zone, but this was corrected with a 2007 amendment. The 1861 Nez Percé county has since been broken up into Nez Percé, Lewis, Boundary, Benewah, Latah, Kootenai, and Clearwater counties. An early presence of French-Canadian trappers is visible in names and toponyms: Nez Percé, Cœur d'Alène, Boisé, Payette, some preexisting the Lewis and Clark and Astorian expeditions which themselves included significant numbers of French and Métis guides recruited for their familiarity with the terrain. Nez Perce County is considered a premier soft white growing locale. Four of the world's six welded aluminum jet boat (for running river rapids) manufacturers are in the Lewiston-Clarkston, WA valley. The Shoshoni word is "Ee-dah-how", and the Indian thought thus conveyed when translated into English means, "Behold! I-84 is the main highway linking the southeast and southwest portions of the state, along with I-86 and I-15. Notably, the state constitution presently requires the state government to maintain a balanced budget. [33][34] The first permanent, substantial incorporated community was Lewiston in 1861. The first non-indigenous settlement was Kullyspell House, established on the shore of Lake Pend Oreille for fur trading in 1809 by David Thompson of the North West Company. Idaho’s state motto is Latin for “Be eternal,” which is a call for Idaho to endure forever, according to Idaho’s state government. Southern Idaho, including the Boise metropolitan area, Idaho Falls, Pocatello, and Twin Falls, are in the Mountain Time Zone. The Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) connects the Idaho Panhandle with Seattle, Portland, and Spokane to the west, and Minneapolis and Chicago to the east. From 1990 to 2010, Idaho's population increased by over 560,000 (55%). Kansas. The school opened in 1932 as Boise Junior College and became Boise State University in 1974. The constitution of Idaho is roughly modeled on the national constitution with several additions. Science and technology have become the largest single economic center (over 25% of the state's total revenue) within the state and are greater than agriculture, forestry and mining combined. Boise State University is the most recent school to attain university status in Idaho. [106], The 1988 film Moving, starring Richard Pryor, has the main character take a promotion in Idaho. Idaho license plates begin with a county designation based on the first letter of the county's name. In 2014, Idaho emerged as the second most small business friendly state, ranking behind Utah, based on a study drawing upon data from more than 12,000 small business owners. The state's southeast incorporates part of the Great Basin. Idaho, as part of the Oregon Country, was claimed by both the United States and Great Britain until the United States gained undisputed jurisdiction in 1846. A Late Upper Paleolithic site was identified at Cooper's Ferry in western Idaho near the town of Cottonwood by archaeologists in 2019. A state of the northwest United States. Idaho, like all 49 of its sister states, has created a motto so that others will know what type of place it is and what type of people live there. In 2016, Meridian's Michael Slagowski ran 800 meters in 1:48.70. Canadian Pacific Railway uses Union Pacific Railroad tracks in North Idaho carrying products from Alberta to Spokane and Portland, Oregon. Idaho also is home to three facilities of Anheuser-Busch which provide a large part of the malt for breweries across the nation. There are large numbers of Americans of English and German ancestry in Idaho. Some jurisdictions impose local option sales tax. ", "15,000-year-old Idaho archaeology site now among America's oldest", "Late Upper Paleolithic occupation at Cooper's Ferry, Idaho, USA, ~16,000 years ago", "North America's Oldest Human Artifacts Found in Idaho", "Idaho artifacts show human presence in Americas 16,600 years ago", "Elias Davidson Pierce and the Founding of Pierce", "Territorial Government in Idaho, 1863–1869", "Idaho becomes 43rd state—Jul 03, 1890—HISTORY.com", "2017 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States, "Idaho :: Census Viewer :: CensusViewer :: Powered by Moonshadow Mobile", "2016 American Community Survey—Selected Social Characteristics", "Religious Landscape Study, february 2008", "Gross domestic product (GDP) by state (millions of current dollars)", "Best and Worst States for Business Owners", "Idaho Strategic Energy Alliance Frequently Asked Questions", "Voter Registration Totals as of September 3, 2019", "Capitol Move or Theft?—Essays—Capitol of Light (Idaho Public Television)", "Enrollment-by-District-and-Charter-School", "Coming Tuesday: A First-of-its-kind School Election Day", "Boise School District could align with election calendar, but opts not to", "United States High School Boys Rankings | Outdoor Track And Field All-Time800 Meter Run", "Star Is Born, A (1954)—(Movie Clip) Born in a Trunk", "A look at Preston 10 years after 'Napoleon Dynamite, Idaho State Guide, from the Library of Congress, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Idaho&oldid=1000144259, States and territories established in 1890, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles needing additional references from November 2020, All articles needing additional references, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Monthly normal high and low temperatures for various Idaho cities. 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