2. A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base' (Chambers, and Conway, 1992). endobj << /Rotate 0 /Parent 11 0 R questionnaire consisted of questions corresponding to the sustainable livelihood framework including (1) human assets (2) financial assets and major sources of income (3) physical and natural assets and (4) social assets. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. /Parent 12 0 R /Resources 127 0 R /Keywords (Poverty,Public Policy,Poverty Reduction Strategies,Poverty Alleviation,Sustainable Development,Urban Development ,India,Research Papers & Working Papers) >> /Contents 98 0 R << /Type /Page endobj >> /Parent 9 0 R The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /Contents 132 0 R Sustainable livelihood emerges at the intersection of development and environmental studies to offer a new way to think about work, especially the work of vulnerable populations (e.g., low income population living in the bottom of the pyramid, indigenous communities, etc. << << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endstream uuid:fb0b0f29-3bd8-4bd5-a45c-ba2e7807fae3 /Pages 3 0 R promoted approach of sustainable livelihoods. Questionnaire related to the development of Sustainable Development Goals. >> >> /Rotate 0 /Type /Page /Rotate 0 12 0 obj 0000024855 00000 n 0000025965 00000 n Sustainable Livelihood Approach and the LAT ... livelihood specialists. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 %���� /Resources 101 0 R trailer 24 0 obj /Rotate 0 /kms_Subtitle (General Lessons, with Illustrations from Indian Cases) >> /Type /Pages /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 3 0 R endobj /Kids [64 0 R 65 0 R 66 0 R 67 0 R 68 0 R 69 0 R 70 0 R 71 0 R 72 0 R] 0000026625 00000 n >> /Resources 89 0 R /Rotate 0 /ExtGState 195 0 R /Type /Page 43 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 0000025190 00000 n endobj /Parent 11 0 R /Type /Page /Resources 125 0 R /Contents 106 0 R /Parent 8 0 R 53 0 obj /Parent 11 0 R /Type /Page << /CropBox [0 28.2960090637 923.2640380859 635.5599975586] /Parent 9 0 R /Rotate 0 << /Parent 6 0 R /Contents 150 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 endobj /Type /Page endobj << >> Poverty Reduction Strategies /kms_DocumentSource () /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 4 0 obj >> /Count 6 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources 147 0 R /Resources 187 0 R 0000026487 00000 n >> 0000027044 00000 n >> /Type /Page /CreationDate (D:20020416161820Z) /Resources 103 0 R /Type /Pages 64 0 obj Applied Economics 32: 1967-1976. /Type /Page << >> /Resources 73 0 R If designed appropriately (e.g. << 28 0 obj >> /kms_IssueNumber (162) /Rotate 0 endobj Source: Ashley and Carney (1999) p. 4. /Rotate 0 The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) has been evolved from the notion of intentional development as a response to the failure of top-down development (Morse and McNamara, 2013, pp.17-18). /Resources 161 0 R a representative sample drawn from a rigorously defined sampling frame) the data can be used to extrapolate the economic and social impacts to the whole community. /Type /Page >> << /Parent 8 0 R endobj /Resources 95 0 R /Parent 7 0 R >> endobj << 0000025778 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] However, measuring livelihood resilience is a difficult task, and practical methods to measure livelihood resilience, as well as analyze and visualize the data are needed. /Rotate 0 The livelihoods approach and management of small-scale fisheries. << /Contents 114 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] This chapter presents livelihood analysis concepts, and provides an operational model for livelihood analysis in the context of wetland systems. /Parent 10 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 << /Rotate 0 /Resources 181 0 R 0000026222 00000 n 16 0 obj endobj /Contents 168 0 R /Parent 12 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 0000001509 00000 n /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS METHODS OVERVIEW 4.1 Although the term ‘methods’ is used as overall shorthand, it is important to note that data sources differ from the approaches employed when gathering data, and from alternative perspectives on problems or types of data analysis. John Farrington, Tamsin Ramasut, Julian Walker /Type /Page /Parent 10 0 R 0000025359 00000 n /Rotate 0 /kms_NavTitle () /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 12 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 58 0 obj /Contents 170 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /Contents 144 0 R >> 63 0 obj sustainable livelihood approach (SLA). /Contents 192 0 R /Contents 84 0 R Household and Livelihoods Security (HLS) Approach 2. 31 0 obj /Parent 10 0 R /Resources 77 0 R << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 52 0 obj 1 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] The integration of SLA into policymaking is the one of the grounds to assert the claim that the concept is absolutely relevant in tackling the problems of climate change (Reed & Ritsema, 2013, pp.67). endobj /Resources 111 0 R The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. /kms_PublishersUrl () /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Length 5 0 R /Rotate 0 0000003134 00000 n questionnaire for the analysis. Public Policy endobj >> /Contents 88 0 R /Rotate 0 << DFID’s Sustainable Livelihoods Approach and its Framework The concept of ‘Sustainable Livelihoods’ constitute the basis of different ‘Sustainable Livelihood Approaches’ (SLA) and has been adapted by different development agencies such as the British Department for International Development (DFID). 0000024438 00000 n /Type /Page @�R�:�p /Contents 102 0 R /Parent 3 0 R India /Type /Pages >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << /Contents 176 0 R 4�ا\�H� �V9~�FC��A�b")25� 0000024624 00000 n The basic idea of the sustainable livelihood approach is based on fivepillars, the fivelivelihood assets: human capital, social capital, physical capital, natural capital, and financial capital. /Contents 92 0 R 67 0 obj /Filter /FlateDecode /Parent 8 0 R >> /Kids [24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R] >> << endobj endobj 49 0 obj 0000025040 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Type /Page /Parent 10 0 R >> >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Count 5 << 40 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 >> /Contents 104 0 R 55 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << /Type /Page 209 59 0000026395 00000 n /CropBox [0 0 595 842] uuid:e20536eb-367b-48d6-b09b-30780f5052bb 51 0 obj /Contents 82 0 R 1986. 0000003200 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 7 0 obj endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] �x%bL;�����H�"���2�;�8��>���lw)�'e�?�u��n�����#JƽN��4�3����}q��~b�v�TGHd�SP0k�;�ꀊ�.%:_\�#Ie�F�5`�R3��dHS��, Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches in Urban Areas: General Lessons, with Illustrations from Indian Cases, John Farrington, Tamsin Ramasut, Julian Walker. 0000005061 00000 n << 42 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Type /Page >> Figure 2.9 – The Sustainable Livelihood model in the DFID Guidelines (DFID 1999, figure 1, p.1) Figure 2.10 – The dynamic nature of assets in a modern development economics scenario (Sayer and Campbell 2001, figure 10, p.218) << endobj endobj /Contents 158 0 R << /Parent 7 0 R The sustainable livelihoods approach is no more than an attempt to provide a tool which is ‘useful to think with’. /Parent 6 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources 155 0 R /Contents 172 0 R Coelli, T.J. 1996. /Resources 81 0 R /Type /Page 23 0 obj << 73 0 obj Sustainable Livelihood Analysis (SLA) has since the 1990s become the dominant approach to the implementation of development interventions by a number of major international agencies. /Kids [54 0 R 55 0 R 56 0 R 57 0 R 58 0 R 59 0 R 60 0 R 61 0 R 62 0 R 63 0 R] /Type /Page /Contents 86 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> 39 0 obj /Type /Page /Parent 11 0 R Acrobat Distiller 4.05 for Windows /Type /Pages /Rotate 0 /Resources 129 0 R /Parent 3 0 R >> /Count 10 0000026905 00000 n /Type /Pages /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 0000026300 00000 n << Enumerator ID: /Rotate 0 �t�̋���!�qn�F�=JS\��y��X���X�!u; /kms_Pages (60) /Rotate 0 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 3 Sustainable livelihood approach for assessing community resilience to climate change: case studies from Sudan1 Balgis Osman Elasha2, Nagmeldin Goutbi Elhassan, Hanafi Ahmed, and Sumaya Zakieldin Higher Council for Environment and Natural Resources, Sudan >> The Sustainable Livelihoods approach to poverty.....10 4. ��F$-Q�dy����#�vt���x�W@v+@��0K.���V� endobj Community based sustainable livelihood (SL) and environmental management (EM) measures have already been implemented in rural communities of Sudan. Research Papers & Working Papers >> 0000024361 00000 n /Contents 148 0 R /Resources 93 0 R /Type /Page /Type /Page 30 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] A livelihood is sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.' /Contents 180 0 R /Type /Page 32 0 obj /Contents 184 0 R %%EOF 34 0 obj << 209 0 obj <> endobj ��v�����k�.�ǿ�4�pC�o��3�����N��.�|�PB"�d%2%5��B0��o�d�|'�3i8(��ф�S���Z �:9���6��\.��k ����?��c��L�r����'V+OG��I�8��-,Wq)�����D����� >�ۢ4b�uyCר�5�T��Y&@�� 9�и���r\������>�����y���6���XCلMU�e�w�L��ɤ�H�1��8�����mW=`]�����m oְ�ʾ\��ں��K�$s�+� ��D��(:��aV�(�vba����w}P���ZR��z�.���C�%gZ��3������Oz�H%B)�H%��1�wꥷ⤷�]d� ��B5�Q�ʠt�f��[BPp�̠�X;>��H �ƴ�=u��$�ˮ\?p���(ͬ���*�BNFr�m��N-���,��,s'ݦ(M��b��?á3ǴUΈ‹&B�&P��r�H�O��~�BI����Z;!�K�#O Robert Chambers (mid 1980s) Livelihood. /Parent 12 0 R /Contents 108 0 R /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << /Count 10 endobj function approach. endobj /Type /Page ����ޘ��ez��}�!%X���A������9aဋv��z��GZf..����[I4͉����ݔX��3x��������#Bj��0����ᖃ�.�6g� "(q�3G�ܔ�'��e�5]@�b.�<4�m���`�~��&�2Q5|>ɞ�͆r��R�����1�A�N�ʍ.��3������$�z��\B�PZ;�J��V}u�TX��Ui�?��To�iO��Oaa�mS�Š���Ba��š�Fq�1���ZR-,�F���>���TY*obr�8�I��s����)�ZC ' �?��d���`fUR�Bٲm���o���u%Q�ٖ���k��ywLƵx�+$� /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << standard of living through sustainable livelihood approach. /Contents 134 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 >> /Type /Page /Resources 91 0 R /Parent 8 0 R 0000025312 00000 n /Type /Page 0000003333 00000 n /Contents 142 0 R 10 0 obj 41 0 obj << Haiti Livelihood Questionnaire 3.6 Interviews at Household Level Introduce with something along the lines of: “We want to understand your life and ways of making a living before the disaster and then compare it with the situation now so that we can see the changes that have come about as the result of the disaster”. >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << endobj (Chambers 1994). endobj /Author (John Farrington, Tamsin Ramasut, Julian Walker) /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj 0000023859 00000 n 0000024764 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj %PDF-1.5 %���� << 47 0 obj /Count 60 endobj Livelihoods Approach to Emergency Food Security Assessments 3. endobj /Resources 123 0 R 3.1 The Household Livelihood Approach 8 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. endobj /Resources 109 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 10 0 R 0000004407 00000 n application/pdf Social Sustainability A livelihood is socially sustainable when it can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, and provide for future generations. /Resources 149 0 R << 0000026098 00000 n 59 0 obj /Type /Page The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA), together with . /Resources 113 0 R Identification of Factors which Influence the Technical The LAT approach has several important features, including the following: • Strong linkages between tools: The three assessment stages of the LAT are closely linked in the sense that they support and feed into one another. << /Parent 9 0 R /Type /Page /Resources 175 0 R /Type /Page The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-portunities and shows how they relate to one another. /Rotate 0 /Resources 99 0 R 68 0 obj /Type /Page endobj 0000025524 00000 n /Parent 7 0 R >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /Type /Page /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 38 0 obj endobj SLA first seeks >> << /Resources 169 0 R 0000027139 00000 n /Type /Page 0000024289 00000 n /Contents 156 0 R /XObject 194 0 R 17 0 obj /Parent 9 0 R >> Common approaches for assessing livelihoods We will now compare eight livelihoods assessment approaches to inform food security analysis: 1. /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 0000024179 00000 n the Rig hts based approach (RbA), 1. is the approach chosen . Sustainable Livelihoods in the Urban Setting 9 3.1 Vulnerability 9 3.2 Access to capital assets 17 ... of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, 13 0 obj endobj /Count 10 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] In the Rio+20 outcome document, member States agreed that sustainable development goals (SDGs) must: Be based on Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. "6�},)�P�i���$@�T��KxB�)o^a�W�,}�+�N �an��սȔ5� /Parent 6 0 R /Parent 8 0 R /Rotate 0 << /Rotate 0 /Resources 157 0 R endobj << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] Differences between Urban and Rural Contexts 4 3. ڶ�k����(����>&���؝��ֶ`�Б�7��{W�a��]@�����GϠ�? endobj endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 164 0 R 2 0 obj Sustainable Development /kms_Editors () /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] ensure livelihood outcomes are achieved and not thwarted by overlooked factors. /Resources 185 0 R /Rotate 0 /Contents 74 0 R A Guide to FRONTIER Version 4.1: Computer Program for Frontier Production Function Estimation, CEPA Working Paper 96/07, Department of Econo-metrics, University of New England, Armidale. 4414 /Type /Page 3 0 obj /Resources 173 0 R endobj 6 0 obj activities required for a means of living. 5 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 /Resources 151 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] The call for emphasis on sustainable livelihoods was endobj /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources 135 0 R >> 0000025918 00000 n 0000024716 00000 n /Contents 136 0 R /Resources 107 0 R /Rotate 0 0000026577 00000 n This paper by Diana Carney reviews the diverse uses and users of SL over the past five years. 46 0 obj /Type /Pages /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 36 0 obj /Rotate 0 /kms_Test () 65 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << /Resources 139 0 R << SL approaches compared: UNDP ... provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the next generation; and which contributes net benefits to other livelihoods at the local and global levels and in the short and long term. /Contents 154 0 R /Type /Page The mean values or share of total net income from various livelihood activities are significantly different for the two survey methods for all categories, with the exception of the relative shares of income from livestock products and other income. 21 0 obj endobj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 10 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 50 0 obj 0000026997 00000 n endstream endobj 210 0 obj<. 0000025143 00000 n Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) Insert Figure 1 Here A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities needed for a means of living (Scoones, 1998). /Rotate -90 9 0 obj 62 0 obj endobj Sustainable Livelihoods: A Framework for Indicator Development Background and Overview Sustainable livelihoods is a systemic and adaptive approach that links issues of poverty reduction, sustainability and empowerment processes (e.g., participation, gender empowerment, and good governance). 69 0 obj /Type /Page /Type /Page /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj 61 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 << 54 0 obj In this paper, I introduce the Household Livelihood Resilience Approach (HLRA), which draws from the sustainable livelihoods approach and it’s five capital assets to measure resilience. 0000024576 00000 n /Type /Page /Resources 159 0 R The key to effective SL analysis is to be flexible, /Resources 117 0 R 71 0 obj 0000026145 00000 n /Rotate 0 << << /Contents 112 0 R << 0000003444 00000 n /Type /Pages << 48 0 obj It recommends a generic ‘nested’ sampling approach, and gives guidance on a range of data collection methods. /Parent 11 0 R endobj The SL framework is not a strait-jacket; it should be applied flexibly, rather than becoming over-codified and obligatory. �� �h�,����a_�y����mz��u��q�W������M�c�!���`����{����+��:�%��՗o|R!Κߦ: H��UMs�6��W쑚�0��O�%;#�͇�LN�D[���T���. /Resources 115 0 R /Parent 9 0 R 0000027091 00000 n >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 In the late 1990s the sustainable livelihoods approach gained momentum in … • Sees electricity as end-result, rather than a means to achieve local development. ��������A�C��� ����Q � ��z�s��K�W�6[�r&G����wS�dVE��E�OR�B�I�2�CZOE��Ҍ@ͽ$:��zH�?_�Q�0� f��c%�;F,�#�[��y+�x�G���7�êv0��?����[#5���h�H=�;�FlZ`e`,Zp���8肧�+���Kv�N :�N�K�3E1o�(^�[�--��|�Ms���o����qJ��~�"��뤓�FjF���VmN�1�7?u���{�cK�Y۞����S. 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